Tiger

(Panthera Tigris)

 

Size:

Length: 11ft; weight: 240-500lbs

Lifespan:

20-26 years

Population:

3,062 - 3948 individuals

Family life and  Breeding:

Solitary, the only social groups occur between mother and cubs

Habitat:

Dense Tropical Forest

How do they  move:

Tigers can run at speeds of 35 mph

What do they  eat:

Buffalo, Deer, Wild pigs, and other large mammals

Closest  relatives:

Lion, Jaguar, and Leopard

Tie to humans:

 

 

Relationship to Humans: In the religion of Hinduism, the tiger is a symbol of strength and beauty.

photo M Noonan

 

Fun fact:

 

No two tigers have the same pattern of stripes; they are as unique as fingerprints!

 

Conservation Status:

 

The Tiger is listed as an endangered species by the IUCN primarily due to habitat loss and fragmentation in their native range of India and Southeast Asia. An increase in deforestation in order to make room for the growing human population has lead to a dramatic decrease in the tigerís habitat. Poaching is another issue that has reduced the population of tigers in Asia. Tigers have been hunted for use of their body parts in decoration, food, souvenirs, and medicine.

 

What is being done now?

 

There are many things being done to help the tiger move away from the brink of extinction. 127 million dollars has been raised for tiger conservation in the passed few decades with the help of the Rhino ad Tiger Conservation Act. This act was passed by the U.S. provides funds for tiger conservation programs in nations where tigers can be found.

 

What should be done in the future?

 

There are many things that need to be done in the future to ensure that tiger populations do not continue to decline. It should be the case that there are stricter anti-poaching laws, and an effort to procure more habitat for the species. Talking to locals should also be a priority, as these people are the ones that live side by side with tiger and have a large impact on native populations.

 

Content provided by Canisius College students under the direction of Michael Noonan, PhD.