Rhino Scent Marking
one-horned rhinos are territorial. Males maintain loosely defined
territories and mark their boundaries with urine and dung. Dung
middens are communal toilets that announce the individuals in the
area to rhinos who stop to investigate. Males can spray urine great
distances behind them, covering large areas with their scent.
one-horned rhinos have scent glands on the bottoms of their feet,
which deposit their scent as they walk along paths. The dung that
sticks to their feet when they scrape or kick their back legs out
after they defecate on a midden also adds their scent to the path.
Females are less
territorial than males and often have overlapping territories that
can change during seasons or depending on the availability of food
and water. Females also communicate their location and reproductive
status to males using urine marking, dung midden deposits and scent
left along trails.