Carolina Wren



Common Name:Carolina Wren




Genus: Thryothorus

Species:Thryothorus ludovicianus

Photo: Sara Morris



The Carolina Wren is a passerine, member of the family Troglodytidae, the family of the wrens. It is one of the three species of wrens found in Western New York, the only one in the genus Thryothorus. It is distinguished by a rusty brown back, a cinnamon-tan belly, and a white throat and distinctive supercillium. Both sexes look similar.


The Carolina Wren usually nests in brushy woodlands, usually with cypress, hemlock. It feeds primarily on insects and spiders that are on or near the ground. It is found permanently in Eastern North America, and will not migrate.




Carolina Wrens have a monogamous mating system. They will form a pair bond, which will remain together until the death of one mate or its displacement. The breeding season extends between March and October. An average of 57 days is observed between the laying of the first egg to the independence of the offspring. The male will make the initial choice for territory, building several nests in an area, but the female has the final choice of the nest in which she will lay. Only the female will incubate the eggs, while the male forages. The young are altricial, which means they are helpless and require parents to feed them and take care of them.




The Carolina Wren can usually be seen in somewhat brushy woodlands at the Tifft Nature Preserve in South Buffalo.


Birds of Western New York is brought to you by the Institute for the Study of Human-Animal Relations at Canisius College in Buffalo, NY.