Pygmy Hog

(Porcula salvania)





Males tend to be larger; both range between 14 and 21 lbs.


Up to 14 years in captivity

Population in the  Wild:

About 250 in the wild


Family Life:

Live in family groups


Tall, dense grasses, near water



Very agile in dense grass vegetation

What they eat:


Closest Relatives:


Related to pigs, hogs, and boars

Relationship to Humans:



photo M Noonan

Fun Fact:

Pygmy hogs forage during the day and sleep in nesting depressions that they create with their snouts. When they forage, a pygmy hog family group move in single file through the grasses, with an adult at the front or back of the line.

Conservation Status:

Pygmy Hogs are critically endangered, with one estimate at only 250 mature individuals. They are now are only in Assam, India, in a few protected areas. Habitat loss is a huge threat to pygmy hogs. Their habitat is suitable for farming, and they’ve lost almost all their habitat to the creation of pasturelands and agricultural fields.

What is being done now?

Very little is known about pygmy hogs, but there are few captive breeding programs in India, working to release more animals into the wild and continue to study their behavior so that they may continue to be preserved.

What should be done in the future?

Ideally, pygmy hogs would have small pockets of grasslands available to them in most areas, and a means for traveling between these pockets. In this way, farmers and herders could share the grasslands with the pygmy hog, or create corridors so that Pygmy Hogs could travel from one area to another in relative safety.  


Content provided by Canisius College students under the direction of Michael Noonan, PhD.