Indian Rhino Social Structure

Greater one-horned rhinos are primarily solitary animals.  A dominant male will inhabit a specific territory, but his territory might overlap with that of other males. Males will fight violently for the rights to a territory and females. The wounds sustained in theses fights may prove to be fatal. Females will move between territories alone or with their young calves.  Calves might stay with their mothers for up to four years.

Young females are usually found on their own or with their mothers and younger siblings, but might join up with other subadults. Young males can often be found together, most likely to increase protection from dominant males.

Adult rhinos are generally only found together when mating, fighting, or wallowing. Greater one-horned rhinos wallow frequently and often immerse themselves in water. Wallows and other water sources are the centers of socialization for adults and after wallowing together, adults will disperse and go back to being solitary until their next trip to the wallow.












Content provided by Canisius College students under the direction of Michael Noonan, PhD.