Greater One-Horned Rhino Scent Marking

Greater one-horned rhinos are territorial. Males maintain loosely defined territories and mark their boundaries with urine and dung. Dung middens are communal toilets that announce the individuals in the area to rhinos who stop to investigate. Males can spray urine great distances behind them, covering large areas with their scent.

Greater one-horned rhinos have scent glands on the bottoms of their feet, which deposit their scent as they walk along paths. The dung that sticks to their feet when they scrape or kick their back legs out after they defecate on a midden also adds their scent to the path.

Females are less territorial than males and often have overlapping territories that can change during seasons or depending on the availability of food and water. Females also communicate their location and reproductive status to males using urine marking, dung midden deposits and scent left along trails.












Content provided by Canisius College students under the direction of Michael Noonan, PhD.