one-horned rhinos have a range of approximately 10 to 12 different
vocalizations that they use to communicate. These vocalizations
include squeaks, honks, bleats and roars. They are used as contact
calls between mothers and offspring or two unrelated individuals,
confrontational sounds between individuals engaged in agonistic
interactions, and individuals involved in a prolonged chase.
tactile signals are also used frequently in greater one-horned rhino
communication. Individuals might spend prolonged periods lying next
to each other. One individual might spend up to ten minutes licking
at the skin of another individual. They might also nuzzle noses or
wave and bob their head at one another.
rhino species, greater one-horned rhino communicate a great deal
through scent. Males spray urine to mark their territory and
females squirt urine to advertise their reproductive status. Both
sexes defecate in middens and scrape their feet, kicking dung and
getting it on their feet. The dung, as well as scent from the
glands on their feet, deposits their scent along paths as they walk.